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Sexual Orientation Policy Tally

The term “sexual orientation” is loosely defined as a person’s pattern of romantic or sexual attraction to people of the opposite sex or gender, the same sex or gender, or more than one sex or gender. Laws that explicitly mention sexual orientation primarily protect or harm lesbian, gay, and bisexual people. That said, transgender people who are lesbian, gay or bisexual can be affected by laws that explicitly mention sexual orientation.

Gender Identity Policy Tally

“Gender identity” is a person’s deeply-felt inner sense of being male, female, or something else or in-between. “Gender expression” refers to a person’s characteristics and behaviors such as appearance, dress, mannerisms and speech patterns that can be described as masculine, feminine, or something else. Gender identity and expression are independent of sexual orientation, and transgender people may identify as heterosexual, lesbian, gay or bisexual. Laws that explicitly mention “gender identity” or “gender identity and expression” primarily protect or harm transgender people. These laws also can apply to people who are not transgender, but whose sense of gender or manner of dress does not adhere to gender stereotypes.

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Talking About Suicide & LGBT Populations

The Bottom Line:

Expansive news coverage of several recent suicide deaths of youth known or believed to be gay has resulted in an unprecedented national discussion about suicide risk among lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people. Some of that coverage, however, oversimplified or sensationalized a number of the underlying issues, and in some cases may have created the potential for a phenomenon known as suicide contagion. Talking About Suicide & LGBT Populations provides detailed recommendations for more safely discussing suicide in public conversations and social media, while at the same time expanding public conversations about the well-being of LGBT people, promoting the need for family support and acceptance, and encouraging help-seeking by LGBT people who may be contemplating suicide.

  • Talking About Suicide & LGBT PopulationsDownload

Conversaciones sobre el suicidio y las poblaciones LGBT

Como consecuencia de las repetidas noticias del último tiempo sobre suicidios de jóvenes gays (o presuntamente gays), se ha iniciado una discusión nacional inédita acerca del riesgo de suicidio en las poblaciones LGBT (lesbiana, gay, bisexual y transgénero). No obstante, algunas noticias han simplificado excesivamente o han sensacionalizado una serie de temas fundamentales y, en algunos casos, quizás hayan potenciado el riesgo del contagio suicida (vea más abajo). Conversaciones sobre el suicidio y las poblaciones LGBT es una guía que propone maneras de conversar sobre el suicidio de forma segura y efectiva. Además, enfatiza la importancia del debate público sobre la prevención del suicidio y ayuda a que la sociedad acepte y apoye el bienestar de las personas LGBT.

  • Conversaciones sobre el suicidio y las poblaciones LGBTDescargar

Additional Resources

  • Recommendations for Reporting on Suicide (2011) (American Association of Suicidology; American Foundation for Suicide Prevention; Annenberg Public Policy Center; Canterbury Suicide Project - University of Otago, Christchurch, New Zealand; Columbia University Department of Psychiatry; ConnectSafely.org; Emotion Technology; International Association for Suicide Prevention Task Force on Media and Suicide; Medical University of Vienna; National Alliance on Mental Illness; National Institute of Mental Health; New York State Psychiatric Institute; Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration; Suicide Awareness Voices of Education; Suicide Prevention Resource Center; The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC); and UCLA School of Public Health, Community Health Sciences)
  • Suicide and Suicide Risk in Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Populations: Review and Recommendations (Journal of Homosexuality, Volume 58, Issue 1, January 2011)
  • Safe and Effective Messaging for Suicide Prevention (Suicide Prevention Resource Center)

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