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Sexual Orientation Policy Tally

The term “sexual orientation” is loosely defined as a person’s pattern of romantic or sexual attraction to people of the opposite sex or gender, the same sex or gender, or more than one sex or gender. Laws that explicitly mention sexual orientation primarily protect or harm lesbian, gay, and bisexual people. That said, transgender people who are lesbian, gay or bisexual can be affected by laws that explicitly mention sexual orientation.

Gender Identity Policy Tally

“Gender identity” is a person’s deeply-felt inner sense of being male, female, or something else or in-between. “Gender expression” refers to a person’s characteristics and behaviors such as appearance, dress, mannerisms and speech patterns that can be described as masculine, feminine, or something else. Gender identity and expression are independent of sexual orientation, and transgender people may identify as heterosexual, lesbian, gay or bisexual. Laws that explicitly mention “gender identity” or “gender identity and expression” primarily protect or harm transgender people. These laws also can apply to people who are not transgender, but whose sense of gender or manner of dress does not adhere to gender stereotypes.

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LGBT Populations

United States Map
Vermont New Hampshire Washington D.C. Maryland Delaware New Jersey Connecticut Rhode Island Massachusetts Alaska Hawaii California Oregon Washington Nevada Utah Arizona Idaho Montana Wyoming Colorado 33 Texas North Dakota South Dakota Nebraska Kansas Oklahoma Minnesota Iowa Louisiana Arkansas Missouri Mississippi Florida Georgia Tennessee South Carolina North Carolina Wisconsin Illinois Michigan Indiana Kentucky Ohio West Virginia Maine New York Pennsylvania Virginia Vermont New Hampshire
  • 500K - 1.2M+
  • 200K - 499K
  • 50K - 199K
  • 8K - 49K
These estimates of the number of LGBT adults living in each state are based on 2013 analysis by The Williams Institute and Gallup. We applied the percent of the adult population living in a state who said they were LGBT to the total adult population in that state using data from the Census Bureau (2012 estimates). For more information about using census data to study same-sex couples and LGBT people, contact The Williams Institute.
United States Map
Vermont New Hampshire Washington D.C. Maryland Delaware New Jersey Connecticut Rhode Island Massachusetts Alaska Hawaii California Oregon Washington Nevada Utah Arizona Idaho Montana Wyoming Colorado 33 Texas North Dakota South Dakota Nebraska Kansas Oklahoma Minnesota Iowa Louisiana Arkansas Missouri Mississippi Florida Georgia Tennessee South Carolina North Carolina Wisconsin Illinois Michigan Indiana Kentucky Ohio West Virginia Maine New York Pennsylvania Virginia Vermont New Hampshire
  • 5.0% and greater
  • 4.0%-4.9%
  • 3.0%-3.9%
  • 1.5%-2.9%
These estimates of the number of LGBT adults living in each state are based on 2013 analysis by The Williams Institute and Gallup. We applied the percent of the adult population living in a state who said they were LGBT to the total adult population in that state using data from the Census Bureau (2012 estimates). For more information about using census data to study same-sex couples and LGBT people, contact The Williams Institute.
State Total Adult Population LGBT Population LGBT Population Density
Alabama 4,779,736 103,533 2.8%
Alaska 710,231 18,508 3.4%
Arizona 6,392,017 192,362 3.9%
Arkansas 2,915,918 78,339 3.5%
California 37,253,956 1,152,048 4%
Colorado 5,029,196 126,599 3.2%
Connecticut 3,574,097 95,091 3.4%
Delaware 897,934 24,209 3.4%
District of Columbia 601,723 52,284 10%
Florida 18,801,310 536,028 3.5%
Georgia 9,687,653 260,044 3.5%
Hawaii 1,360,301 55,554 5.1%
Idaho 1,567,582 31,565 2.7%
Illinois 12,830,632 372,825 3.8%
Indiana 6,483,802 182,997 3.7%
Iowa 3,046,355 65,835 2.8%
Kansas 2,853,118 79,979 3.7%
Kentucky 4,339,367 131,125 3.9%
Louisiana 4,533,372 111,491 3.2%
Maine 1,328,361 51,037 4.8%
Maryland 5,773,552 149,845 3.3%
Massachusetts 6,547,629 230,768 4.4%
Michigan 9,883,640 289,427 3.8%
Minnesota 5,303,925 118,987 2.9%
Mississippi 2,967,297 58,229 2.6%
Missouri 5,988,927 152,411 3.3%
Montana 989,415 20,362 2.6%
Nebraska 1,826,341 37,587 2.7%
Nevada 2,700,551 88,005 4.2%
New Hampshire 1,316,470 38,697 3.7%
New Jersey 8,791,894 253,014 3.7%
New Mexico 2,059,179 45,562 2.9%
New York 19,378,102 581,670 3.8%
North Carolina 9,535,483 246,363 3.3%
North Dakota 672,591 9,265 1.7%
Ohio 11,536,504 319,700 3.6%
Oklahoma 3,751,351 97,834 3.4%
Oregon 3,831,074 148,898 4.9%
Pennsylvania 12,702,379 270,652 2.7%
Rhode Island 1,052,567 37,522 4.5%
South Carolina 4,625,364 105,665 2.9%
South Dakota 814,180 27,684 4.4%
Tennessee 6,346,105 129,018 2.6%
Texas 25,145,561 629,428 3.3%
Utah 2,763,885 53,118 2.7%
Vermont 625,741 24,601 4.9%
Virginia 8,001,024 183,545 2.9%
Washington 6,724,540 212,482 4%
West Virginia 1,852,994 45,613 3.1%
Wisconsin 5,686,986 123,448 2.8%
Wyoming 563,626 12,787 2.9%
Data current as of 11/22/2016
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