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Sexual Orientation Policy Tally

The term “sexual orientation” is loosely defined as a person’s pattern of romantic or sexual attraction to people of the opposite sex or gender, the same sex or gender, or more than one sex or gender. Laws that explicitly mention sexual orientation primarily protect or harm lesbian, gay, and bisexual people. That said, transgender people who are lesbian, gay or bisexual can be affected by laws that explicitly mention sexual orientation.

Gender Identity Policy Tally

“Gender identity” is a person’s deeply-felt inner sense of being male, female, or something else or in-between. “Gender expression” refers to a person’s characteristics and behaviors such as appearance, dress, mannerisms and speech patterns that can be described as masculine, feminine, or something else. Gender identity and expression are independent of sexual orientation, and transgender people may identify as heterosexual, lesbian, gay or bisexual. Laws that explicitly mention “gender identity” or “gender identity and expression” primarily protect or harm transgender people. These laws also can apply to people who are not transgender, but whose sense of gender or manner of dress does not adhere to gender stereotypes.

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All Children Matter: Full Report

The Bottom Line

Public policy should strive to act in the best interests of children. However, there are 2 million children being raised by LGBT parents--children from all walks of life, living in almost every U.S. county--who have become collateral damage of ideology and laws designed to hurt LGBT people. All Children Matter is the most comprehensive look to date at these children; how they are failed by society, government and the law; and how simple changes to unfair laws can begin to ensure we are giving all children the chance to reach their full potential.

This 125-page Full Report contains expanded discussions, detailed tables and figures, full citations, references, attributions and clarifications that paint one of the most comprehensive portraits to date of laws and policies that fail to protect children with LGBT parents, as well as the most detailed recommendations for addressing these inequalities.

  • All Children Matter: Full ReportDownload
Also available: a Condensed Version that provides a high-level understanding of the Full Report, and a stand-alone version of the Executive Summary.


Abstract

All Children Matter: How Legal and Social Inequalities Hurt LGBT Families brings together a coalition of LGBT leaders, policy experts and child advocates that includes the Movement Advancement Project, the Family Equality Council, the Center for American Progress, the National Association of Social Workers, the Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute, and COLAGE —with a foreword by the Child Welfare League of America.

The report finds that 2 million children have become collateral damage of decades of ideology, laws and policies designed to hurt LGBT people and families. These current laws:

  • Deny loving, forever homes to the 115,000 children awaiting adoption;
  • Deny children legal ties to both parents, meaning families live in fear due to uncertain family ties, and affecting everything from parents’ medical decision-making ability in emergencies to a family’s ability to vacation across state lines;
  • Wrongly separate children from parents in cases of divorce or death of a parent;
  • Deny basic government aid and safety net programs to children in need simply because their family doesn’t meet the legal definition of a family in that state;
  • Deny access to parents’ health insurance;
  • Deny access to quality child care and early childhood education;
  • Deny Social Security Survivor benefits or inheritance when a parent dies;
  • Deny LGBT families child tax credits, costing struggling LGBT families thousands of dollars of income.

LGBT families are already part of the American fabric. Public policy discussions often assume the nation is largely made up of married heterosexual couples raising their biological children. But fewer than a quarter of all US households fall into this category.

  • Two million children are being raised by LGBT families.
  • Children of gay and lesbian couples live in 96% of U.S. counties. Surprisingly, the state with the highest percentage of LGBT couples raising children is Mississippi. And overall, LGBT couples living in the South are more likely to be raising children than gay couples in other regions of the country.
  • LGBT families are more racially and ethnically diverse than the general population.
  • Children being raised by same gay and lesbian are twice as likely to live in poverty as children in married, heterosexual households.
  • Decades of research shows that children of gay parents grow up to as happy, healthy and well-adjusted as their peers. All major authorities on children’s health and welfare, including the American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Psychological Association, have supported parenting rights for gay couples.

Simple, common-sense changes to laws could begin to protect all children and help them reach their full potential. All Children Matter concludes with 100 such recommendations across several key areas including: legal recognition of LGBT families; equal access to safety net programs; equal taxation; equal access to health care and insurance; inclusion in medical decision-making, FMLA and other laws that allow families to take care of each other; anti-discrimination laws; and research and education.

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